1.2.U2: Eukaryotes have a compartmentalized cell structure (Oxford Biology Course Companion page 20). - State the meaning and advantages of eukaryotic cells being “compartmentalized.”
1.2.S2: Drawings of the ultrastructure of eukaryotic cells based on electron micrographs - Recognize features and identify structures in micrographs of eukaryotic cells (inclusive of the plasma membrane, cytoplasm, free 80s ribosomes, nucleus, rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosome, mitochondria, chloroplast, vacuoles, vesicles, centrioles, microtubules, cilia, flagella and cell wall). - Given a micrograph, draw and label the ultrastructure of a eukaryotic cell.
1.2.S3: Interpretations of electron micrographs to identify organelles and deduce the function of specialized cells - Explain why cells with different functions will have different structures. - Identify ultrastructures visible in a micrograph of a eukaryotic cell. - Given a micrograph of a cell, deduce the function of the cell based on the structures present.
1.4.U3: Vesicles move materials within cells (Oxford Biology Course Companion page 34). - List two reasons for vesicle movement. - Describe how organelles of the endomembrane system function together to produce and secrete proteins (rough ER, smooth ER, Golgi and vesicles). - Outline how phospholipids and membrane bound proteins are synthesized and transported to the cell membrane.
1.2.A1: Structure and function of organelles within exocrine gland cells of the pancreas - State the function of an exocrine gland cell. - Describe the function of the following structures in an exocrine gland cell: plasma membrane, nucleus, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, vesicles and endoplasmic reticulum. 1.2.A2: Structure and function of organelles within palisade mesophyll cells of the leaf (Oxford Biology Course Companion page 24). - State the function of a palisade mesophyll cell. - Describe the function of the following structures in a palisade mesophyll cell: cell wall, plasma membrane, chloroplasts, vacuole, nucleus, and mitochondria.
1.5.U3: The origin of eukaryotic cells can be explained by the endosymbiotic theory (Oxford Biology Course Companion page 49). - State the endosymbiosis theory. - Outline the major events in the origin of eukaryotic cells. - Describe the evidence for the endosymbiotic theory
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