4.1 Describe the phases of the Cell Cycle in order. 4.2 Define and outline the purpose of Mitosis 4.3 Define the following: chromosome, chromatid, chromatid. 4.4 Outline all the stages of Mitosis and describe what happens to the DNA during each stage. 4.5 Define and outline the purpose of Meiosis 4.6 Compare and contrast the process of Mitosis vs. Meiosis 4.7 Define the following: Somatic Cells, Gametes, Homologous chromosomes, Autosomes, Sex Chromosomes, Haploid, Diploid 4.8 Use proper notations to denote ploidy of a haploid of diploid cell (n vs 2n) 4.9 Outline all of the stages of Meiosis, and describe what happens during each stage. Properly describe the cell as being haploid or diploid during each stage. 4.10 Describe the outcome of Meiosis. What are the products? 4.11 Outline how the production of sperm cells differs from production of egg cells 4.12 Explain what makes up a gene and what genes code for 4.13 Define the following: Allele, homozygous, heterozygous 4.14 Compare Dominant alleles to Recessive alleles. 4.14 Explain how genes are segregated during Meiosis through the Law of Segregation. How does this lead to variation? 4.15 Be able to convert a genotype into its phenotype, as well as genotypic ratios to phenotypic ratios. 4.16 Use Punnett squares to calculate the probability a particular genotype will occur in an offspring if you know the genotypes of the parents. 4.17 Use a dihybrid cross correctly to calculate the probability of two different alleles occurring together in an offspring. 4.18 Explain how crossing over and genetic linkage can increase genetic diversity within a population. 4.19 Understand the differences of inheritance between carrier/sex-linked traits, codominant traits, and polygenic traits 4.20 Demonstrate ability to perform Punnet Squares for sex-linked traits, codominant traits, and polygenic traits
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