Objective 5.1: Explain who Charles Darwin was, and what his observations and conclusions were. Objective 5.2: Define “scientific theory” Objective 5.3: Define “evolution” Objective 5.4: Describe the contributions of the following scientists: Hutton and Lyle, Lamark, Malthus Objective 5.5: Know what artificial selection is and how it acts as an experiment on natural selection. Objective 5.6: Define “natural selection”. Explain what three conditions are necessary for natural selection to occur Objective 5.7: Outline all of the evidence that support the theory of evolution Objective 5.8: Describe how genetic variation is produced in a population (gene pool, allele frequency) Objective 5.9: Differentiate between evolution on single-gene traits and evolution on polygenic traits Objective 5.10: Outline the different types of selection that occur with polygenic traits Objective 5.11:Explain what the Hardy-Weinberg principle predicts when it comes to genetic equilibrium and evolution Objective 5.12: Describe the process of speciation. Outline what speciation results from. Objective 5.13: Know how to read and construct a cladogram by comparing traits among different species Objective 5.14: Use a cladogram to pinpoint where a common ancestor between two different species would be.
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